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Department of Aerospace Engineering
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PEPL Journal Articles (Peer Reviewed)

Any technical questions should be directed to the appropriate researcher or the PEPL director. Many of the papers below are available in Adobe Acrobat PDF format (download free Acrobat Reader here). If you see a paper number underlined, the PDF is available.

Journal Articles (sorted starting with most recent)

Cusson, S.E., Dale, E.T., and Gallimore, A.D., "Investigation of Channel Interactions in a Nested Hall Thruster," Journal of Propulsion and Power, 2016 [ACCEPTED].

M.J. Sekerak, A.D. Gallimore, D.L. Brown, R.R. Hofer, and J.E. Polk, " Mode Transitions in Hall-Effect Thrusters Induced by Variable Magnetic Field Strength," AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power, 10.2514/1.B35709, March 2016.

D.B. Araya, F.H. Ebersohn, S.E. Anderson, S.S. Girimaji, " Magneto-Gas Kinetic Method for Nonideal Magnetohydrodynamics Flows: Verification Protocol and Plasma Jet Simulations," Journal Fluids Engineering, 10.1115/1.4030067, 2015.

J.P. Sheehan, B.W. Longmier, E.A. Bering, C.S. Olsen, J.P. Squire, M.G. Ballenger, M.D. Carter, L.D. Cassady, F.R. Chang Díaz, T.W. Glover and A.V. Ilin, " Temperature gradients due to adiabatic plasma expansion in a magnetic nozzle", Plasma Sources Science and Technology, 10.1088/0963-0252/23/4/045014, 2014.

B.C. Lee, W. Huang, L. Tao, N. Yamamoto, A.D. Gallimore, and A.P. Yalin, " A cavity ring-down spectroscopy sensor for real-time Hall thruster erosion measurements," Review of Scientific Instruments, 10.1063/1.4879135 Vol. 85, 2014.

M.J. Sekerak, B.W. Longmier, A.D. Gallimore, D.L. Brown, R.R. Hofer, and J.E. Polk, " Azimuthal Spoke Propagation in Hall Effect Thrusters," IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 10.1109/TPS.2014.2355223 Vol. PP, Issue 99, Oct. 2014.

K. Hara, M.J. Sekerak, I.D. Boyd, and A.D. Gallimore, "Perturbation analysis of ionization oscillations in Hall effect thrusters", Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 21, Issue. 20, pg. 122103 (2014).( click here to view.)

Adam Shabshelowitz, Alec D. Gallimore and Peter Y. Peterson, " Performance of a Helicon Hall Thruster Operating with Xenon, Argon, and Nitrogen," AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power, DOI: 10.2514/1.B35041 , Vol. 30, No. 3, May-June 2014, pp. 664-671.

K. Hara, M.J. Sekerak, I.D. Boyd, and A.D. Gallimore, "Mode transition of a Hall thruster discharge plasma", Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 115, Issue 20, pg. 203304 (2014).( click here to view.)

Chris J. Durot, Alec D. Gallimore, and Timothy B. Smith " Validation and evaluation of a novel time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence technique," Rev. Sci. Instrum., Art. No. 013508 , Vol. 85, 2014. (Published 24 January 2014 online by the American Institute of Physics, click here to view.)

B. Longmier, J. Squire, C. Olsen, L. Cassady, M. Ballenger, M. Carter, A. Ilin, T. Glover, G. McCaskill, F. Chang-Diaz, E. Bering, " Improved Efficiency and Throttling Range of the VX-200 Magnetoplasma Thruster," AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power, DOI: 10.2514/1.B34801 , Vol. 30, No. 1, January-February 2014, pp. 123-132.

Wengsheng Huang, Alec D. Gallimore, and Timothy B. Smith, " Interior and Near-wall Ion Velocity Distribution Functions in the H6 Hall Thruster," AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power, DOI: 10.2514/1.B34712 , Vol. 29, No. 5, September-October 2013, pp. 1146-1154.

Adam Shabshelowitz and Alec D. Gallimore, " Performance and Probe Measurements of a Radiofrequency Plasma Thruster," AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power, DOI: 10.2514/1.B34720 , Vol. 29, No. 4, July-August 2013, pp. 919-929.

Benjamin W. Longmier, Alec D. Gallimore, Noah Hershkowitz, " Hydrogen production from methane using an RF plasma source in total nonambipolar flow," Plasma Sources Science & Technology, DOI: 10.1088/0963-0252/21/1/015007, vol. 21, no. 1, February 2012.

Michael S. McDonald and Alec D. Gallimore, " Rotating Spoke Instabilities in Hall Thrusters," IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 10.1109/TPS.2011.2161343 vol. 39, no. 11, pp. 2952-2953, Nov. 2011.

Daniel L. Brown and Alec D. Gallimore, " Evaluation of Facility Effects on Ion Migration in a Hall Thruster Plume," Journal of Propulsion and Power, DOI: 10.2514/1.B34068 , 0748-4658, Vol. 27, No. 3, May-June 2011, pp. 573-585.

Wengsheng Huang, Alec D. Gallimore and Richard R. Hofer, " Neutral Flow Evolution in a Six-Kilowatt Hall Thruster," Journal of Propulsion and Power, DOI: 10.2514/1.B34048 , 0748-4658, Vol. 27, No. 3, May-June 2011, pp. 553-563.

Spencer, Laura and Alec D. Gallimore, " Efficiency of CO2 Dissociation in a Radio-Frequency Discharge," Plasma Chem. and Plasma Proc., DOI: 10.1007/s11090-010-9273-0 , Volume 31, Number 1, February 2011, pp. 79-89.

Robert B. Lobbia and Alec D. Gallimore, " High-speed dual Langmuir probe," Rev. Sci. Instrum., Art. No. 073503 , Vol. 81, Issue 7, July 2010. (Published online by the American Institute of Physics, click here to view abstract.)

Robert B. Lobbia and Alec D. Gallimore, " Temporal limits of a rapidly swept Langmuir probe," Physics of Plasmas, Art. No. 073502 , Vol. 17, Issue 7, July 2010. (Published online by the American Institute of Physics, click here to view abstract.)

Daniel L. Brown and Alec D. Gallimore, " Evaluation of ion collection area in Faraday probes ," Rev. Sci. Instrum., Art. No. 063504 , Vol. 81, Issue 6, June 2010. (Published online by the American Institute of Physics, click here to view abstract.)

Daniel Brown, C. Larson, Brian Beal, and Alec Gallimore, " Methodology and Historical Perspective of a Hall Thruster Efficiency Analysis," Journal of Propulsion and Power, doi: 10.2514/1.38092 , 0748-4658 vol. 25, no. 6 (1163-1177), November-December 2009.

Kristina Lemmer, Alec Gallimore,Timothy Smith, Christopher Davis, and Peter Peterson, " Experimental Results for Communications Blackout Amelioration Using Crossed Electric and Magnetic Fields," Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, doi: 10.2514/1.45490 , 0022-4650 vol. 46, no. 6 (1100-1109), November-December 2009.

Sonca V. T. Nguyen, John E. Foster, and Alec D. Gallimore, " Operating a radio-frequency plasma source on water vapor," Rev. Sci. Instrum., Art. No. 083503 , Vol. 80, Issue 8, August 2009. (Published online by the American Institute of Physics, click here to view abstract.)

Rohit Shastry, Richard R. Hofer, Bryan M. Reid, and Alec D. Gallimore, " Method for analyzing E×B probe spectra from Hall thruster plumes," Rev. Sci. Instrum., Art. No. 063502 , Vol. 80, Issue 6, June 2009. (Published online by the American Institute of Physics, click here to view abstract.)

Benjamin Longmier, University of Houston; Bryan Reid, University of Michigan; Alec Gallimore, University of Michigan; Franklin Chang-Diaz, Ad Astra Rocket Company; Jared Squire, Ad Astra Rocket Company; Tim Glover, Ad Astra Rocket Company; Greg Chavers, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center; Edgar Bering, University of Houston, " Validating a Plasma Momentum Flux Sensor to an Inverted Pendulum Thrust Stand," Journal of Propulsion and Power, DOI: 10.2514/1.35706, 0748-4658 vol.25 no.3 (746-752), June 2009.

Lemmer, K. M., Gallimore, A. D. and Smith, T. B., " Using a helicon source to simulate atmospheric re-entry plasma densities and temperatures in a laboratory setting," Plasma Sources Sci. Technol., DOI: 10.1088/0963-0252/18/2/025019 , Vol. 18, Issue 2, May 2009.

Yamamoto, N. Y., Yalin, A. P., Tao, L, Smith, T. B., Gallimore, A. D., and Arakawa, Y., " Development of Real-Time Boron Nitride Erosion Monitoring System for Hall Thrusters by Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy," Trans. JSASS Science Tech. Japan, doi: 10.2322/tstj.7.Pb_1 , vol. 7, no. ists26 Pb_1-Pb_6, 2009.

Baïlo B. Ngom, Timothy B. Smith, Wensheng Huang, and Alec D. Gallimore, " Numerical simulation of the Zeeman effect in neutral xenon from NIR diode-laser spectroscopy," Journal of Applied Physics, Art. No. 023303 , Vol. 104, Issue 2, July 2008. (Published online by the American Institute of Physics, click here to view abstract.)

Daniel A. Herman and Alec D. Gallimore, " An ion thruster internal discharge chamber electrostatic probe diagnostic technique using a high-speed probe positioning system," Rev. Sci. Instrum., Art. No. 013302 , Vol. 79, Issue 1, January 2008. (Published online by the American Institute of Physics, click here to view abstract.)

Joshua L. Rovey and Alec D. Gallimore, " Ion energy measurements near a dormant cathode in a multiple-cathode gridded ion thruster," Physics of Plasmas, Art. No. 033505 , Vol. 14, Issue 3, March 2007. (Published online by the American Institute of Physics, click here to view abstract.)

Joshua Rovey and Alec Gallimore, " Performance and Flatness of a Multiple-Cathode, Rectangular Ion Thruster Discharge Chamber," Journal of Propulsion and Power, doi: 10.2514/1.21325 , 0748-4658 vol. 23, no. 1 (44-50), January-February 2007.

Thomas M. Liu, Louis D. Musinski, Prashant R. Patel, Alec D. Gallimore, Brian E. Gilchrist, and Michael Keidar, " Nanoparticle Electric Propulsion for Space Exploration," AIP Conf. Proc., doi:10.1063/1.2437518 , Vol. 880, Issue 1, January 2007. (Published online by the American Institute of Physics, click here to view abstract.)

Musinski, L.D., Liu, T.M., Gilchrist, B.E., and Gallimore, A.D., "Electrostatic Charging of Micro- and Nano-Particles for Use with Highly Energetic Applications," Journal of Electrostatics, pp. 1-8, 4 November 2008.

Linnell, J.A., and Gallimore, A.D., " Internal plasma potential measurements of a Hall thruster using xenon and krypton propellant", Physics of Plasmas, Art. No. 103504 , Vol. 13, Issue 10, October 2006. (Published online by the American Institute of Physics, click here to view abstract.)

Linnell, J.A., and Gallimore, A.D., " Internal plasma potential measurements of a Hall thruster using plasma lens focusing", Physics of Plasmas, Art. No. 093502 , Vol. 13, Issue 9, September 2006. (Published online by the American Institute of Physics, click here to view abstract.)

Hofer, R.R., Jankovsky, R.S., and Gallimore, A.D., " High-Specific Impulse Hall Thrusters, Part 1: Influence of Current Density and Magnetic Field" Journal of Propulsion and Power, 0748-4658 vol.22 no.4 (721-731) July-August 2006.

Hofer, R.R., and Gallimore, A.D., " High-Specific Impulse Hall Thrusters, Part 2: Efficiency Analysis", Journal of Propulsion and Power, 0748-4658 vol.22 no.4 (732-740), July-August 2006.

Linnell, J.A., and Gallimore, A.D., " Krypton Performance Optimization in High-Voltage Hall Thrusters", Journal of Propulsion and Power, 0748-4658 vol.22 no.4 (921-925), July-August 2006.

Patel, P., Scheeres, D., and Gallimore, A.D., " Maximizing Payload Mass Fractions of Spacecraft for Interplanetary Electric Propulsion Missions", Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, 0022-4650 vol.43 no.4 (822-827), July-August 2006.

Walker, M.L.R., Hofer, R.R., and Gallimore, A.D., " Ion Collection in Hall Thruster Plumes", Journal of Propulsion and Power, 0748-4658 vol.22 no.1 (205-209), January-February 2006.

Victor, A.L., Zurbuchen, T.H., and Gallimore, A.D., " Top hat electrostatic analyzer for far-field electric propulsion plume diagnostics", Rev. Sci. Instrum., Art. No. 013505 , Volume 77, January 2006. (Published online by the American Institute of Physics, click here to view abstract.)

Rovey, J.L., Walker, M.L.R., Gallimore, A.D., and Peterson, P.Y., " Magnetically filtered Faraday probe for measuring the ion current density profile of a Hall thruster", Rev. Sci. Instrum., Art. No. 013503 , Volume 77, January 2006. (Published online by the American Institute of Physics, click here to view abstract.)

Beal, B.E., Gallimore, A.D., and Hargus, W.A., " Plasma properties downstream of a low-power Hall thruster", Physics of Plasmas, Art. No. 123503 , Vol. 12, Issue 12, December 2005. (Published online by the American Institute of Physics, click here to view abstract.)

Choiniere, E., Bilén, S.G., Gilchrist, B.E., Fuhrhop, K.R., Gallimore, A.D., " Experimental Investigation of Electron Collection to Solid and Slotted Tape Probes in a High-Speed Flowing Plasma", IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Art. No. 01495579 , Volume 33, Issue 4, Part 2, Page(s):1310 - 1323 August 2005.

Walker, M.L.R., Victor, A.L., Hofer, R.R., and Gallimore, A.D., " Effect of Backpressure on Ion Current Density Measurements in Hall Thruster Plumes", Journal of Propulsion and Power, 0748-4658 vol.21 no.3 (408-415), May-June 2005.

Walker, M.L.R., and Gallimore, A.D., " Neutral density map of Hall thruster plume expansion in a vacuum chamber", Rev. Sci. Instrum., Art. No. 053509 , Volume 76, May 2005.

Beal, B.E., Gallimore, A.D., Haas, J.M., and Hargus, W.A., " Plasma Properties in the Plume of a Hall Thruster Cluster", Journal of Propulsion and Power, 0748-4658 vol.20 no.6 (985-991), November-December 2004.

Walker, M.L.R., Gallimore, A.D., Boyd, I.D., and Cai, C., " Vacuum Chamber Pressure Maps of a Hall Thruster Cold-Flow Expansion", Journal of Propulsion and Power, 0748-4658 vol.20 no.6 (1127-1132), November-December 2004.

Domonkos, M. T.,  Patterson, M. J., and Gallimore, A. D., " Low-Current, Xenon Orificed Hollow Cathode Performance for In-Space Applications", Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 438-443, May-June 2003.

Kim, S., and Gallimore, A. D., " Plume Study of a 1.35-kW SPT-100 Using an ExB Probe," Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, Vol. 39, No. 6, pp. 904-909, November-December 2002.

Gilchrist, B.E., Bilén, S.G., Choiniere, E., Gallimore, A.D., Smith, T.B., " Analysis of chamber simulations of long collecting probes in high-speed dense plasmas", IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Art. No. 01178020 , Volume 30, Issue 5, Part 2, Page(s):2023 - 2034, October 2002.

Peterson, P. Y., Gallimore, A. D., and Haas, J. M., " An experimental investigation of the internal magnetic field topography of an operating Hall thruster," Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 9, No. 10, Oct. 2002, 4354-4362. 

Haas, J. M., and Gallimore, A. D., " Considerations on the Role of the Hall Current in a Laboratory-Model Thruster," IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 30, No. 2, April 2002, 687-697.

Williams, G. J., Smith, T. B., Gulczinski, F. S., Gallimore, A. D., "Correlating Laser Induced Fluorescence and Molecular Beam Mass Spectrometry Ion Energy Distributions," Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 489-491, March-April 2002.

Haas, J.M., and Gallimore, A.D., "Internal Plasma Potential Profiles in a Laboratory-Model Hall Thruster," Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 652-660, February 2001.

Gulczinski, F.S., and Gallimore, A.D., "Near-Field Ion Energy and Species Measurements of a 5-kW Hall Thruster," Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 17, No.2, pp. 418-427, March-April, 2001.

Gallimore, A. D., "Near- and Far-Field Characterization of Stationary Plasma Thruster Plumes," Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, Vol. 38, No. 3, pp. 441-453, May-June 2001.

Bilén, S. G., Domonkos, M. T., and Gallimore, A. D., "Simulating Ionospheric Plasma with a Hollow Cathode in a Large Vacuum Chamber," Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, Vol. 38, No. 4, pp. 617-621, July-August 2001.

Domonkos, M. T., Gallimore, A. D., Marrese, C. M., and Haas, J. M., "Very Near-Field Plume Investigation of the Anode Layer Thruster," Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 16, No. 1, January-February 2000.

Van Noord, J., Gallimore, A. D., and Rawlin, V. K., "Numerical Thermal Model of NASA Solar Electric Propulsion Technology Application Readiness Ion Thruster," Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 16, No. 2, March-April, 2000, 357-364.

King, L. B., and Gallimore, A. D., "Ion-Energy Diagnostics in the Plasma Exhaust of a Hall Thruster," Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 16, No. 5, September-October, 2000.

Williams, G. J., Smith, T. B., Domonkos, M. T., Gallimore, A. D., and Drake, R. P., " Laser-Induced Fluorescence Characterization of Ion Emitted from Hollow Cathodes," IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 28, No. 5, October 2000, pp. 1664-1674.

King, L. B., and Gallimore, A. D., "Mass Spectral Measurements in the Plume of an SPT-100 Hall Thruster," Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 16, No. 6, November-December, 2000.

Haas, J. M., Gallimore, A. D., McFall, K., and Spanjers, G., "Development of a High-Speed, Reciprocating Electrostatic Probe System for Hall Thruster Interrogation," Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 71, No. 11, pp. 4131-4138, November 2000.

Oh, D. Y., Hastings, D. E., Marrese, C. M., Haas, J. M., and Gallimore, A. D., "Modeling of Stationary Plasma Thruster-100 Thruster Plumes and Implications for Satellite Design", Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 345-357, April 1999 .

Ohler, S. G., Gilchrist, B. E., and Gallimore, A. D., "Electromagnetic Signal Modification in a Localized High Speed Plasma Flow: Simulations and Experimental Validation of a Stationary Plasma Thruster (SPT)," IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, April 1999.

King, L. B., Gallimore, A. D., and Marrese, C. M., "Transport Property Measurements in the Plume of an SPT-100 Hall Thruster," Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 14, No. 3, May-June 1998, 327- 335.

Domonkos, M. T., Gallimore, A. D., and Bilén, S., "A Hall Probe Diagnostic for Low Density Plasma Accelerators," Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 69, No. 6, June 1998, 2546-2549.

Ohler, S. G., Gilchrist, B. E., Gallimore, A. D., "Microwave Plume Measurements of a Stationary Plasma Thruster," Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 14, No. 6, Nov.-Dec. 1998, 1016-1021

King, L. B., and Gallimore, A. D., "Approximating Collisional Free-stream Attenuation at Transitional Knudsen Numbers," AIAA Journal, Vol. 35, No. 3, Mach, 1997, 574-576.

King, L. B., and Gallimore, A. D., "A Gridded Retarding Pressure Sensor for Ion and Neutral Particle Analysis in Flowing Plasmas," Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 68, No. 2, Feb. 1997, 1183-1188.

Gilchrist, B. E., Ohler, S. G., and Gallimore, A. D., "Flexible Microwave System to Measure the Electron Number Density and Quantify the Communications Impact of Electric Thruster Plasma Plumes," Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 68, No. 2, Feb., 1997, 1189-1194.

Foster, J. E., and Gallimore, A. D., "The Effect of an Auxiliary Discharge on Anode Sheath Potentials in a Transverse Discharge," Journal of Applied Physics, April 1997, 3422-3432.

Gallimore A. D., Kim, S. W., King, L. B., Foster, J. E., and Gulczinski III, F. S., " Near and Far-Field Plume Studies of a 1 kW Arcjet,'' Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 12, No. 1, Jan.-Feb., 1996, 105-111.

Foster, J. E., and Gallimore, A. D., "An Investigation into the Role that a Transverse Magnetic Field Plays in the Formation of Large Anode Sheath Potentials," Physics of Plasmas, 3 (11) Nov. 1996, 4239-4249.

Ohler, S. G., Gilchrist, B. E., and Gallimore, A. D., "Non-intrusive Electron Number Density Measurements in the Plume of a 1 kW Arcjet Using a Modern Microwave Interferometer,'' IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 23, No. 3, June, 1995, 428-435.

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